- Do not allow your clothes to get too dirty before washing them
- Sort your clothes according to the instructions found on their care labels
- Turn the clothing inside out, unbutton them and make sure that they are already dry
- Calculate the amount of detergent needed depending on how dirty the clothes are and the hardness of the water
ADVICE ON WASHING FOR BASIC TYPES OF MATERIAL
- COTTON: It is resilient to any kind of wash, except washing at high temperatures. The usage of bleach is permitted if stated on the garment’s care label.
- WOOL: it should be washed at low temperatures. It is machine washable only if your washing machine has the special program for woolen garments. Dry cleaning is recommended to avoid “deforming” of the garment. The use of bleach is prohibited
- POLYESTER: It is very sensitive to high temperatures. Wash in lukewarm water and iron at a low temperature
- VISCOSE: needs dry cleaning
DIRECTIONS FOR WASHING BY HAND
- There is a possibility colour will run on the first washes, that is why hand washing is recommended
- Make sure the detergent is completely diluted before you add the garment to the water so as no unnecessary stains to occur
- Use cold water and do not scrub the garment
- Rinse with plenty of water
DIRECTIONS FOR USING BLEACH
- Always make sure to check the instruction symbols on the label
- Bleach destroys the garments fibers, that is why using whiteners if preferred to using bleach
- Always dilute the bleach in a bowl of cold water and never leave the garment to soak for more than an hour
- Avoid soaking a garment in metallic or tin bowl when using bleach
TIPS ON VANISHING DIFFICULT STAINS WITH RESULTS
- BLOOD: place the garment in a solution of cold water and salt. Change the water continually. Add detergent once the water has turned clear. If it’s an old stain, soak in cold water and add a small amount of peroxide or a detergent used for colored garments. Rinse as normal.
- SHOE VARNISH: Place the garment in a solution of lukewarm water and detergent. Add a couple of drops of ammonia and allow to soak. If the stain is still visible, rub turpentine on the stain and wash it out with detergent.
- IODINE: Soak the garment in liquid detergent adding a couple of drops of ammonia. Wash as normal.
- COFFEE/TEA: wash the garment immediately. If the stain has not disappeared, use bleach for white garment and detergent for colored garments
- WAX: scratch the wax off as much as possible. Place an absorbable kitchen towel or a piece of paper (preferably a newspaper) on the stain. Iron the stain off. If there’s anything left, rub out with some petrol. Wash as normal.
- GLUE: Use nail varnish remover if not prohibited by the garment’s label
- Cover the stain with salt for 30 minutes. Then, place a sponge with diluted detergent on the stain for a short period of time. Rinse with cold water.
- OIL/FAT: If it’s and old stain, try rubbing it with baby wipes. Alternatively, wet the stain with petrol, add talcum powder, scrub it and rinse it as normal. If rinsing is prohibited add talcum powder to it and scrub it as soon as the talcum powder has been absorbed. Repeat procedure.
- MAKE-UP: Scrub the stain. Place liquid detergent on it and leave it a few minutes if the stain is still visible after rinsing, use diluted ammonia 1:1. was as normal.
- TOMATO SAUCE: leave the garment to soak in a solution of hot water and glycerin 1:1. wash and rinse as normal
- RUST: use a stain remover which you can obtain at your local supermarket. Another method used is rubbing a solution of lemon juice and salt on the stain. After a while, rub the stain with soap. Wash and rinse as normal.
- INK: Place a piece of paper on the stain to absorb the ink. Turn the garment inside out and place a sponge soaked in surgical spirit on the stain. After a while, rub the stain with soap. Wash and rinse as normal
- CHEWING GUM: place the garment into a plastic bag and leave it in the freezer for an hour. Remove the bag from the freezer, break the chewing gum and remove and traces left with petrol. Wash ad rinse as normal
- GRASS: Rub immediately with surgical spirit. If the stain is old, soak the garment in a solution of lukewarm water and glycerin 1:1. wash and rinse as normal.
DIRECTIONS FOR DRYING
- Avoid placing the clothes in direct sunlight or windy conditions, especially colored clothing
- If hung indoors, be sure there is a flow of air
- If the garment is heavy, to avoid deformation, fold it slightly. Moreover, clothes that have changed form, should be stretched back to shape
- For woolen, avoid hanging dry in the sun or on the radiator. Wrap in a towel and place it in a flat surface.
DIRECTIONS FOR IRONING
- Sort clothing dependent on care label instruction and start ironing from the lowest temperature
- Dry the clothing slightly damp
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